Overview of Agroforestry

The humid tropical regions of Nicaragua (Matagalpa, Jinotega, RAAN and RAAS) remain the areas with the highest levels of poverty and extreme poverty. Among the main problems identified by people living is such areas are: lack of promotion of markets for products of humid tropical regions, high dependence on products imported from outside the Pacific or, lack of service to enhance and diversify agricultural and forestry production, reduced presence of the financial system and micro-finance services in support of the community and local production, insecurity of tenure and use of land and consists of high life and high cost of production inputs agriculture and forestry.

In case of agroforestry in the humid tropics of Nicaragua, just as the other systems, the management system has many deficiencies that cause vulnerabilities for farming families. Similarly, local systems of learning and innovation related to the management of agroforestry systems also have several gaps that delve further vulnerabilities.

The events in the past decade in Central America have made clear that improving the management of natural resources, encourage the production and marketing of value-added products by producing families and organized rural communities, is a viable strategy for poverty reduction and the vulnerability of natural disasters.
In the coming decades farm households and rural communities will face the reduction of trade barriers. The high market volatility and fluctuation of prices of consumer goods, alternating droughts and hurricanes, climate change, changes in government programs, and changing consumer preferences suggest that technical solutions will be important, but can not be seen as permanent.

Therefore Foundation for Autonomy and Development of the Atlantic Coast of Nicaragua (FADCANIC) with the backing and financial support from several donors is implementing a series of rural development projects for developing sustainable local equity-based agroforestry systems in the humid tropics of Nicaragua. These projects aim to contribute to the effect that poor rural families, community organizations and cooperatives in the humid tropics of Nicaragua improve livelihoods and conserve natural resources.