Achievements of Agroforestry
The Foundation for Autonomy and Development of the Atlantic Coast of Nicaragua (FADCANIC) is a nonprofit NGO. Since its founding in March 1990, FADCANIC has implemented more than 90 projects and programs in different communities of the autonomous regions.
During 1999-2004, with funding from NORAD (Norwegian Agency for Development and Cooperation) FADCANIC implemented the first phase of Sustainable Agroforestry Development Program of the RAAS. The second phase was implemented during 2006-2008 with funding from the Government of Norway. While implementing the second phase of a project an emergency request was made by FADCANIC following the damage caused by Hurricane Beta in the municipalities of the mouth and Laguna de Perlas, including the area corresponding to Wawashang Agroforestry Center.
The total FADCANIC Program administered until September 2007, has added the total amount of U.S. $ 3.4 million equivalent to an average of $ 425,000.00 per year. Of this total, a part corresponds to the fixed assets of the program: facilities, land and plantations Wawashang Agroforestry Center, the construction and equipping of 4 municipal offices, regional office equipment and acquisition of water transport and land. These assets are in good condition and represent an important heritage for future investment program.
Another part of the financing has been paid to the credit program as a principal in the loan portfolio. The fund was capitalized in a substantial, part of the portfolio is as accounts receivable. Also, part of the budgeted amount was used in direct costs: delivery of inputs, technical assistance, outreach, training, administration and operating costs.
Parallel to it have developed complementary efforts aimed at training rural youth through the establishment and implementation of Project Environmental Education Center and Agroforestry Wawashang-RAAS "which is supported by AHIS-Norway. This project relates to a technical school in which it is implementing a new educational model geared to the needs of communities in the region regarding the use of natural resources, based on the actual educational level attained (primary education) for youth both sexes in rural communities.
The ethnic aspect is fundamental in the development of actions and strategies of the Program so that the constant exchange fostered interethnic communication and conflict resolution in the use of resources. Progress in legal matters, such as the passage of Act 445, which refers to the law on the demarcation of communal lands, plus the Regulation of Law 28 (Statute of Autonomy) constitute a positive framework for reaching to real management of communal lands by indigenous territorial authorities.
The most important impacts of the program so far have been:
• Operation Wawashang Agroforestry Center as a major seed producer of coconut, peach, forest seeds, cocoa and fruit.
• Conservation of germplasm in the center of coconut germplasm especially important at the level of Central America.
• Training and exchanges made Wawashang Agroforestry Center and dissemination of good practice agroforestry.
• Integration of peasants from nearby communities to the Center by creating an environment of trust and broad acceptance.
• Creating the conditions in Agroforestry Center of attention Wawashang allowing up to 80 people for the realization of regional events.
• Creation of a "biological station" in Kahk Creek Forest Reserve for environmental studies, environmental education events and ecotourism.
• The creation and development of synergies in the educational process of the Technical School "Environmental Education Center and Wawashang Agroforestry.
• The Network of Promoters and Developers has been consolidated with 93 men and 77 women in 82 communities.
• In most farms promoters and promoters has been achieved the goal of establishing 2 hectares of agroforestry systems in different models according to socio-environmental conditions of the production unit.
• In these farms, as well as crop and animal production in the short term, has begun production of perennial crops and marketing.
• Training in gender have increased women's self-esteem promoters, which now checks with the active participation of those in the organization of field days, exchanges and conferences.
• The development of 81 rules of micro-watershed management with participation of 813 women and 1477 men. It has begun the process of implementation of these agendas with few resources and supplementary funding.
• In the actions of local agendas, communities have recognized the importance of water resource management. Their protection and sustainable use in the common good of the community has been the spearhead in the sub initiated.
• Installation of improved stoves efficient use of wood with smoke control.
• Reforestation and natural regeneration for forest conservation, about 30,000 hectares in the region.
• The institutionalization of the credit system has advanced and allowed to be 1.552 people benefited by the Program Loan amounting to over 11 million cordobas, in which 41% have been women.
• Adult education has improved the school of 309 women and 429 men, 291 achieving the level of sixth grade.
• The digitization of 81 management plans micro-watershed in a Geographic Information System (GIS) and pilot-level implementation.
FADCANIC is an active member in regional forums, especially in the implementation of the program table in the RAAS PRORURAL agency. The program has influenced the definition of thematic priorities and methodologies to implement in the region. For its part, PRORURAL considers necessary to develop the productive chains, organized by clusters, which is related to the items in Agroforestry Program Strategic banana, cocoa, coconut, sustainable forestry systems, agro and eco-tourism and environmental services.